• Use retrieval practice as a learning strategy, not as an assessment tool.
  • Use retrieval practice frequently, as often as possible. Practice makes perfect!
  • Use retrieval practice a few days or weeks after a lesson or study session. Space it out.
  • Use a variety of question types: fact-based, conceptual, and higher order.
  • Use a variety of strategies to implement frequent retrieval practice: clickers, flash cards, online quizzes, quick writing prompts, etc.
  • Encourage metacognition by including feedback (right/wrong feedback, explanation feedback, etc.).
  • Remain confident that challenging learning (via retrieval practice) is a good thing!
  • Examine your teaching and studying strategies: Do they focus on getting information “in” or “out?" Is learning challenging, or is learning easy and “fluent?"


For more recommendations, visit our teaching strategy archive.