Make it Stick: The Science of Successful Learning by Peter C. Brown, Henry L. Roediger, III, and Mark A. McDaniel. (Written by a fiction/non-fiction author, as well as two cognitive scientists, this book presents recent findings from laboratory and classroom research on effective learning strategies. Geared toward a general audience, the authors include anecdotes about each learning strategy and they discuss practical tips for retrieval practice throughout the book.)

 

Small Teaching: Everyday Lessons from the Science of Learning by James M. Lang. (Written by a professor of English who specializes in teaching in higher education, this book presents an approach to "small teaching" or improving learning through small but powerful modifications to course design and teaching practices. Geared toward faculty, the author provides practical tips on implementing effective learning strategies in classroom settings, including retrieval practice.)

 

Why Don't Students Like School? by Daniel T. Willingham. (Written by a cognitive scientist, this book presents concise research-based explanations and strategies to address common concerns about student learning and behavior. Geared toward K-12 teachers and parents, the author provides nine reliable principles from cognitive science that are applicable in a variety of classroom situations.)   

 

How We Learn: The Surprising Truth About When, Where, and Why It Happens by Benedict Carey. (Written by a science journalist, this book presents an engaging introduction to the science of memory. Geared toward a general audience, the author summarizes landmark research findings from cognitive science and he includes a chapter specific to retrieval practice.)

 

Organizing Instruction and Study to Improve Student Learning by Hal Pashler and colleagues, funded by the Institute of Education Sciences. (Written by cognitive scientists and a K-12 teacher, this comprehensive guide includes recommendations about evidence-based cognitive strategies to improve learning. Note that recent research, reviewed in the first Brief Article below, has provided additional insight into the level of evidence for each recommendation.)

 

How to Use Retrieval Practice to Improve Learning, by Pooja K. Agarwal and colleagues. (In this short, 11-page guide, the authors provide a succinct overview of retrieval practice for educators in K-12 and higher education: what is it, why it works, and how to use it to improve learning.)

 

Do you have a recommendation for a book, article, or additional resource about retrieval practice? Please let us know!